Component 日 sun

Component 日 sun

{yendifplayer mp4=http://www.clavissinica.net/images/videos/Component/13日Component_ri_sun.mp4}

日 sun (日字旁 rìzìpáng)

0903ri4 day

PINYIN[rì]

TRANSLATIONsun; day; daytime

FORMATION象形,太阳

COINAGEPictograph, sun

【造字理据】

pictograph0101

《説文》: 日,實也。太陽之精不虧。从囗一。象形。凡日之屬皆从日。

[白話:日,能量充盈。太阳没有圆缺变化,精华永不枯竭。字形采用“囗”和“一”构成。字形像太阳的形状。所有与日相关的字都采用“日字边”。]

,甲骨文日在天体形状的圆圈内加一点指事符号,表示发光特性的天体。由于甲骨文刻画的不流畅,有的甲骨文将天体形状的圆圈刻成五边形;有的甲骨文将圆圈刻成棱形。本义:名词,太空运行、发光的天体;因为在白天发光,与黑夜发光的月亮“太阴”相对,故称“太阳”。金文承续甲骨文字形。篆文将金文字形中的圆点指事符号写成短横,并与方框连接,字形由此抽象化。

MOTIVATIONThe short horizontal stroke inside of the frame of 日 goes before the closing line underneath.

The ancient written form of日is like a sun in the sky. Its shape became a square as it was cut or written so. Originally it meant "sun", figuratively it refers to "day-time" or "day and night". In modern Chinese it does not stand alone, but is often used to form polysyllabic words.

「日」, meaning "sun" or "day", is a pictograph. It was written as「日」in ancient times. Some believe that the dot in the middle represents sunspots.

This natural group refers to the sun, time, luminous, &c.; the component is usually on the left, and when on top it resembles the next, as 晏; some of these latter are like others under 冂, as 晟 or 冕; sometimes the next component and 臼 are wrongly written like it.

The component日often appears in the left or upper part of a character and, less frequently, in the right or lower part of a character. The characters with 日are usually related to the sun or the time.

【例字 EXAMPLES】

时[shí] time, season; era, age, period

四时也。从日寺声。

晕[yùn][yūn] halo in sky; fog; dizzy, faint

日月气也。从日军声。

旦[dàn] dawn; morning; day

明也。从日见一上。一,地也。

旧()[jiù]    old, ancient; former, past

从萑臼声。

昼[zhòu] daytime, daylight

日之出入,与夜为界。从畫省,从日。

白[bái] white; pure, unblemished; bright

象日出第一束光。《説文》:西方色也。陰用事,物色白。从入合二。二,陰數。

[bó] older brother; father's elder brother; senior male 'sire'; feudal rank 'count'

从人白声。

[pò] coerce, force, compel; urgent

近也。从辵白声。

[jiǎo] white; bright, brilliant; clear

月之白也。从白交声。《詩》曰:“月出皎兮。”

 

早 旧 明 昏 春 昨 晒 晓 晨 晚 睛 阳


Latest Articles