Component 山 hill

Component 山 hill

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山 hill(山字旁 shānzìpáng)

0929shan1 mountain

PINYIN[shān]

TRANSLATIONmountain, hill, peak  

FORMATION象形,山峰绵延

COINAGEPictograph, A mountain range, with three towering peaks

【造字理据】

pictograph0109

《説文》:山,宣也。宣气散,生萬物,有石而高。象形。凡山之属皆从山。

[白話:山,宣发地气。高山宣发地气,散布四方,促生万物,有石崖而高耸。象高峰连绵之形。所有与山相关的字,都采用“山”作边旁。]

山,甲骨文像遥望中地平线上起伏连绵的群峰的线描,有三(众多)座峰头。金文写成剪影。有的金文将三个峰头简化成三个短竖,淡化峰尖形象。篆文保留中间一座峰岭的象形特征。本义:起伏叠嶂的峰岭。隶书完全失去峰岭形象。两峰相连、或零散不成方向的小山叫“丘”,众峰(三峰)相连、形成一定走向的群峰叫“山

MOTIVATIONThis group is remarkably uniform in its meanings, which relate to the shape, parts, and names of mountains; shan is placed in three sides of characters, and when on top resembles 宀 a little; it is interchanged with 土 and 谷 in a few cases.

A mountain range, with three towering peaks, provides the structure for this pictograph of mountain or hill:山. From a high vantage pointy man can oversee what is easily overlooked on a lower plane. Hence the proverb: "If you don’ t climb the high mountain, you can’t view the plain."

The Component 山 enjoys considerable flexibility in its position: it can appear in the top, bottom or left part of a character. The characters with 山 are usually related to hill and mountain.

 

【例字 EXAMPLES】

[lǐng][líng] mountain ridge, mountain peak    

形声;从山、令声。本义:比喻山系中最高的山脉。

[xiān] Taoist super-being, transcendent, immortal   

人在山上。从人从山。

[cuī] high, lofty, towering; surname

形声。从山,隹[zhuī]声。本义:高大。

[yán] cliff; rocks; mountain

形声。从山,严声。“岩”为会意字。从山,从石。本义:高峻的山崖。

[fēng] peak, summit; hump of camel

形声。从山,峯[fēng]声。本义:山顶。

[yá] cliff, precipice; precipitous

形声;从山、厓声。本义:耸立岩壁之上的悬崖。

 

岗 岸 岛 岳 峦 屿 崇 崩


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